To the south and east is the Atlantic Ocean and to the north and northeast is New Brunswick, a province of Canada. Maine's industrial outputs consist chiefly of paper, lumber and wood products, electronic equipment, leather products, food products, textiles, and bio-technology. [32] It also failed. Only four of Maine's sixteen counties (Androscoggin, Cumberland, Waldo and York) are entirely incorporated, although a few others are nearly so, and most of the unincorporated area is in the vast and sparsely populated Great North Woods of Maine.[102]. Machias Seal Island and North Rock, off the state's Downeast coast, are claimed by both Canada and the American town of Cutler, and are within one of four areas between the two countries whose sovereignty is still in dispute, but it is the only one of the disputed areas containing land. The current attorney general of Maine is Aaron Frey. FACTS ABOUT MAINE... Has a population of over 1,000,000. Find Out Where We Rank Nationally [MAP]", "Whoopie pie to become Maine state 'treat, "Maine: A Spiritual Frontier Opens for Business", Maine State Guide, from the Library of Congress, List of U.S. states by date of admission to the Union, Drafting and ratification of Constitution, Office of the Director of National Intelligence, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Maine&oldid=997137463, States and territories established in 1820, States of the East Coast of the United States, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Articles with incomplete citations from September 2016, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in American English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox settlement with possible nickname list, Pages using infobox settlement with possible motto list, Pages using infobox settlement with no coordinates, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2016, Articles needing additional references from March 2018, All articles needing additional references, Articles containing potentially dated statements from May 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Articles containing potentially dated statements from 2013, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Pages using Sister project links with default search, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Total state area: 34,554 square miles (89,494 km. The entire monument measures at 87,563 acres of land including a part of the East branch of Penobscot River. Area (acres): 2569: Perimeter (miles): 14.9: Mean Depth (feet): 22: Max Depth (feet): 41: Delorme Page: 22: Fishery Type: Warmwater: Invasive Aquatic Plant Infestation: None known: Other Lake & Watershed Information. [113], Maine has many vegetable farms and other small, diversified farms. For other uses, see, Map of the United States with Maine highlighted, It has been suggested that this section be, In the event of a vacancy in the office of Governor, the President of the, correspondence to Carol B. Smith Fisher, April 26, 2002, from Hywel Wyn Owen, Director and Professor of the Place-Name Research Center, University of Wales Bangor. The largest town by population is Brunswick (pop. Has over 21,000 miles of public highways, exceeding the total mileage of any other New England state. Approximately 750 acres. Brunswick Landing, formerly Naval Air Station Brunswick, is also in Maine. Since 1969, two of Maine's four electoral votes have been awarded based on the winner of the statewide election; the other two go to the highest vote-getter in each of the state's two congressional districts. In 2007, according to the Land Report, the nation's 100 largest private landowners owned a combined 27 million acres of land — equivalent to the area of Maine and New Hampshire combined. The material on this site can not be reproduced, distributed, transmitted, cached or otherwise used, except with prior written permission of Multiply. Stanley Lieberson and Lawrence Santi, "The Use of Nativity Data to Estimate Ethnic Characteristics and Patterns". How large is 15625 sq miles? The state of Maine also has three Constitutional Officers (the Secretary of State, the State Treasurer, and the State Attorney General) and one Statutory Officer (the State Auditor). In 2017, the production of Maine's seaweed industry was estimated at $20 million per year. Maine's area is 22,646,000 acres. [56] As explained in detail under "Geography", there are large tracts of uninhabited land in some remote parts of the interior of the state, particularly in the North Maine Woods. How many eligible voters are registered to vote in the United States? 1,331). About 90 percent of Maine is forested, the highest percentage of any state. [101], Unorganized territory (UT) has no local government. "MAINE" appears in the Domesday Book of 1086 in reference to the county of Dorset, which is today Broadmayne, just southeast of Dorchester. They were relocated to St. Francis, Canada, which was destroyed by Rogers' Rangers in 1759, and is now Odanak. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 69.44 square miles (179.85 km 2 ), of which 21.31 square miles (55.19 km 2) is land and 48.13 square miles (124.66 km 2) is water. Maine does not have an official language,[5] but the most widely spoken language in the state is English. [28][29], European contact with what is now called Maine may have started around 1200 CE when Norwegians are believed to have interacted with the native Penobscot in present-day Hancock County, most likely through trade. Estcourt Station is Maine's northernmost point, as well as the northernmost point in New England. Beginning around 1880, Portland's rail link and ice-free port made it Canada's principal winter port, until the aggressive development of Halifax, Nova Scotia, in the mid-1900s. 2 Federal land ownership is volatile; land is acquired and disposed of, transferred between agencies and reclassified frequently. Maine has an income tax structure containing two brackets, 6.5 and 7.95 percent of personal income. The town of Lubec is the easternmost organized settlement in the United States. Commercial fishing, once a mainstay of the state's economy, maintains a presence, particularly lobstering and groundfishing. [86] Western Maine aquifers and springs are a major source of bottled water. The second parcel, comprising 1,200 acres, was purchased from Plum Creek Timber Co. and is permanently protected by the Moosehead Regional Conservation Easement, held by the Forest Society of Maine. The site was named a national monument in 2016. Maine's U.S. senators are Republican Susan Collins and Independent Angus King. The administration of property taxes is handled by the local assessor in incorporated cities and towns, while property taxes in the unorganized territories are handled by the State Tax Assessor. Archeological evidence suggests that Norwegians in Greenland returned to North America for several centuries after the initial discovery to trade and collect timber, with the most relevant evidence being the Maine Penny, an 11th-century Norwegian coin found at a Native American dig site in 1954. [19] A new theory put forward by Carol B. Smith Fisher in 2002 postulated that Sir Ferdinando Gorges chose the name in 1622 to honor the village where his ancestors first lived in England, rather than the province in France. On March 15, 1820, under the Missouri Compromise, it was admitted to the Union as the 23rd state. 20,278). The mean population center of Maine is located in Kennebec County, just east of Augusta. The Plymouth Company established the first English settlement in Maine at the Popham Colony in 1607, the same year as the settlement at Jamestown, Virginia. Top Answer. Maine has the highest percentage of French Americans of any state. Most severe thunderstorms and tornadoes occur in the Sebago Lakes & Foothills region of the state. Most of them are of Canadian origin, but in some cases have been living there since prior to the American Revolutionary War. Maine is the least densely populated U.S. state east of the Mississippi River. Maine has a smaller number of commodity farms and confined animal feeding operations. Show Information Show Data Sources. In 1968, Hubert Humphrey became just the second Democrat in half a century to carry Maine, perhaps because of the presence of his running mate, Maine Senator Edmund Muskie, although the state voted Republican in every presidential election in the 1970s and 1980s. It closed in May 2003. Before this point, however, most of these people were considered separate nations. Of that, 605,232,690 acres are administered by the four land agencies noted above. Moosehead Lake is 74,890 acres and Sebago lake is 28,771 acres and second largest Approximately 26,382,080. These back-to-the-land migrants increased the population of some counties.[114]. Share on Facebook Share on Twitter. The other Abenaki tribes suffered several severe defeats, particularly during Dummer's War, with the capture of Norridgewock in 1724 and the defeat of the Pequawket in 1725, which significantly reduced their numbers. Most of the residents of the Mid Coast and Down East sections are chiefly of British heritage. The property has not been cut for well over 20 years. What Is It, and How Will It Work? Area (acres): 2665 Perimeter (miles): 33.9 Mean Depth (feet): 34 Max Depth (feet): 155. The United States Census Bureau estimates that the population of Maine was 1,344,212 on July 1, 2019, a 1.19% increase since the 2010 United States Census. As of 2010, Maine was also the most rural state in the Union, with only 38.7% of the state's population living within urban areas. (For more information see extreme points of the United States.). In 1930, Baxter bought almost 6,000 acres of northern Maine woods, streams, rivers and peaks—including Katahdin, Maine’s tallest mountain. Along the famous rock-bound coast of Maine are lighthouses, beaches, fishing villages, and thousands of offshore islands, including the Isles of Shoals which straddle the New Hampshire border. In 1625, Charles de Saint-Étienne de la Tour erected Fort Pentagouet to protect Castine. Portland was named Bon Appetit magazine's Restaurant City of the Year in 2018. The federal data in this table are changing continually and it should be assumed that the state data are as well. Also in this easternmost area in the Bay of Fundy is the Old Sow, the largest tidal whirlpool in the Western Hemisphere. The Eastport Municipal Airport, for example, is a city-owned public-use airport with 1,200 general aviation aircraft operations each year from single-engine and ultralight aircraft.[94]. Bubble Rock, a glacial erratic, is a large boulder perched on the edge of Bubble Mountain in Acadia National Park. A number of English settlements were established along the coast of Maine in the 1620s, although the rugged climate, deprivations, and conflict with the local peoples caused many to fail. The Popham colonists returned to Britain after 14 months.[31]. What is the WPS button on a wireless router? [116] In 2018, HealthIQ.com named Maine the 3rd most vegan state. However, the northern, more rural areas of the state have experienced a slight decline in population in recent years. Township to Acre (ac) converter is an superb area conversion calculator that is popularly used to convert from unit Township to it’s relevant unit Acre (ac) in land measurement. The principal office of the Maine Supreme Judicial Court remains in Portland. Maine. Winters are especially severe in the Northern and Western parts of Maine, while coastal areas are moderated slightly by the Atlantic Ocean, resulting in marginally milder winters and cooler summers than inland regions. All real and tangible personal property located in the state of Maine is taxable unless specifically exempted by statute. Click the printer icon for printable depth map In 1992, as an independent candidate, Perot came in second to Democrat Bill Clinton, despite the long-time presence of the Bush family summer home in Kennebunkport. His party included Samuel de Champlain, noted as an explorer. This yard, owned by the Pennell family, was typical of the many family-owned shipbuilding companies of the time period. US 2A connects Old Town and Orono, primarily serving the University of Maine campus. A notable example was the early 1692 Abenaki raid on York, where about 100 English settlers were killed and another estimated 80 taken hostage. In addition, U.S. Route 1 (US 1) starts in Fort Kent and travels to Florida. [33], The province within its current boundaries became part of the Massachusetts Bay Colony in 1652. In the 1960s and 1970s, the book "Living the Good Life" by Helen Nearing and Scott Nearing caused many young people to move to Maine and engage in small-scale farming and homesteading. A large number of private elementary schools with under 20 students exist, but most private high schools in Maine can be described as "semi-private". This extensive property features over 250 acres of forestland, streams flowing into out local lakes and ponds, valuable wetlands, and phenomenal scenic views. When did organ music become associated with baseball? Maine is also the home of the Jackson Laboratory, the world's largest non-profit mammalian genetic research facility and the world's largest supplier of genetically purebred mice. According to the Association of Religion Data Archives (ARDA),[81] the religious affiliations of Maine in 2010 were: The Catholic Church was the largest religious institution with 202,106 members, the United Methodist Church had 28,329 members, the United Church of Christ had 22,747 members, In 2010, a study named Maine as the least religious state in the United States. [26][27], The original inhabitants of the territory that is now Maine were Algonquian-speaking Wabanaki peoples, including the Passamaquoddy, Maliseet, Penobscot, Androscoggin, and Kennebec. Essential Air Service also subsidizes service to a number of smaller airports in Maine, bringing small turboprop aircraft to regional airports such as the Augusta State Airport, Hancock County-Bar Harbor Airport, Knox County Regional Airport, and the Northern Maine Regional Airport at Presque Isle. 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